Deicing Salt Corrosion with and without Inhibitors, MLR-87-8, 1989

(1989) Deicing Salt Corrosion with and without Inhibitors, MLR-87-8, 1989. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Chloride ion penetration through concrete to reinforcing steel is causing the premature deterioration of numerous bridge decks in Iowa. The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to determine whether any of several additives or alternative deicing chemicals could inhibit corrosion of reinforcing steel. The deicers tested were calcium magnesium acetate (CMA), CMA plus NaCl (NaCl: sodium chloride), Quicksalt plus PCI, and CG-90, a polyphosphate solution being developed by Cargill. Two tests were established. First, steel coupons were placed in a 15% solution of a deicer and distilled water to determine which alternative deicer would cause the least amount of corrosion in solution. The coupons were weighed periodically to determine each coupon's weight loss from corrosion. The second test involved ponding a 15% solution of each material on reinforced concrete blocks. Weekly copper-copper sulfate electrical half-cell (CSE) potential readings were taken on each block to determine whether corrosive activity was occurring at the steel surface. When the ponding research was concluded, concrete samples were taken from one of the three blocks ponded with each deicer. The samples were used to determine the chloride ion content at the level of the steel. Results show that all the deicers were less corrosive than NaCl. Only pure CMA, however, significantly inhibited the corrosion of steel embedded in concrete.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Bridge decks, Calcium magnesium acetate, Concrete, Corrosion, Corrosion protection, Deicers (Equipment), Deterioration, Inhibitors (Chemistry), Laboratory tests, Reinforced concrete, Reinforcing steel, Sodium chloride, Deicers
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Motor vehicles
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation > Environment > Weather and climate
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 17155
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 09 Jun 2014 14:10
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2015 12:42
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/17155