Research Solutions Brief: TR-710 - Evaluating Partially Grouted Revetment to Prevent Bridge Scour

(2024) Research Solutions Brief: TR-710 - Evaluating Partially Grouted Revetment to Prevent Bridge Scour. Transportation, Department of


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The Iowa secondary road system has a large number of scour-susceptible bridges or bridges with unknown foundation conditions. These structures are commonly required to have a plan of action (POA) to close them during flood events, or have countermeasures installed to keep them open. In the case of unknown foundations, countermeasures must be installed. Among the many different countermeasures available is a potentially viable technique known as a partially grouted revetment. Partially grouted revetment construction involves the placement of rock, stone, and/or recycled concrete on a filter layer that is compatible with the subsoil. The voids of the matrix are then partially filled with a portland cement-based grout material. Partially grouted revetment appear to achieve a desirable balance between full and no grouting of revetment. Specifically, partial grouting increases the stability of the system without eliminating the flexibility of a looser matrix. In addition, a partially grouted revetment system allows for the use of smaller (and less expensive) rock, stone, and/or recycled concrete, which also results in decreased layer thickness. The ideal system adheres adjoining pieces together while leaving relatively large voids between the stones. This report presents background information on countermeasure types and their frequency of use, including a field review of existing countermeasures to determine quality of performance. These efforts were followed by several pilot installation sites on county infrastructure in Iowa using partially grouted riprap. These pilot installations are described and their performance documented after years of service.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: bridge pier protection—bridge scour countermeasures—grouted riprap—low-volume bridge abutments—partially grouted revetments—riverbed erosion countermeasures
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Environment > Water
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 49530
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Research
Deposited On: 12 Jun 2024 17:17
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 17:17