Development of Non-Petroleum Based Binders for Use in Flexible Pavements, TR-594, 2010

(2010) Development of Non-Petroleum Based Binders for Use in Flexible Pavements, TR-594, 2010. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Most bituminous adhesives or binders that are used for pavement materials are derived primarily from fossil fuels. With petroleum oil reserves becoming depleted and the drive to establish a bio-based economy, there is a push to produce binders from alternative sources, particularly from biorenewable resources. However, until now, no research has studied the applicability of utilizing bio-oils as a bitumen replacement (100% replacement) in the pavement industry. The main objective of this research was to test various properties of bio-oils in order to determine the applicability of using bio-oils as binders in the pavement industry. The overall conclusions about the applicability of using bio-oils as bio-binders in the pavement industry can be summarized as follows: 1. Bio-oils cannot be used as bio-binders/pavement materials without any heat pre-treatment/upgrading procedure. 2. Current testing standards and specifications, especially Superpave procedures, should be modified to comply with the properties of bio-binders. 3. The temperature range of the viscous behavior for bio-oils may be lower than that of bitumen binders by about 30°–40° C. 4. The rheological properties of the unmodified bio-binders vary in comparison to bitumen binders, but the rheological properties of these modified bio-binders change significantly upon adding polymer modifiers. 5. The high-temperature performance grade for the developed bio-binders may not vary significantly from that of the bitumen binders, but the low-temperature performance grade may vary significantly

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Bituminous binders, Flexible pavements, Sustainable development, Synthetic crude oil
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 19607
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 28 May 2015 19:40
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 19:29
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/19607