Addendum to the Design Manual for Low Water Stream Crossings, HR-247, 1984

(1984) Addendum to the Design Manual for Low Water Stream Crossings, HR-247, 1984. Transportation, Department of


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The purpose of this manual is to provide guidelines for low water stream crossings (LWSC). Rigid criteria for determining the applicability of a LWSC to a given site are not established nor is a 'cookbook" procedure for designing a LWSC presented. Because conditions vary from county to county and from site to site within the county, judgment must be applied to the suggestions contained in this manual. A LWSC is a stream crossing that will be flooded periodically and closed to traffic. Carstens (1981) has defined a LWSC as "a ford, vented ford (one having some number of culvert pipes), low water bridge, or other structure that is designed so that its hydraulic capacity will be insufficient one or more times during a year of normal rainfall." In this manual, LWSC are subdivided into these same three main types: unvented fords, vented fords and low water bridges. Within the channel banks, an unvented ford can have its road profile coincident with the stream bed or can have its profile raised some height above the stream bed.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Culverts, Design, Floods, Hydraulics, Manuals
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation > Environment > Water
ID Code: 22033
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 04 May 2016 16:58
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 16:58