The Effect of Deicing Salt on Aggregate Durability, Progress Report HR-266, 1985

(1985) The Effect of Deicing Salt on Aggregate Durability, Progress Report HR-266, 1985. Transportation, Department of


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The Iowa DOT has been using rapid freezing in air and thawing in water to evaluate coarse aggregate durability in concrete since 1962. Earlier research had shown that the aggregate pore system was a major factor in susceptibility to D-cracking rapid deterioration. There are cases were service records show rapid deterioration of concrete containing certain aggregates on heavily salted primary roads and relatively good performance with the same aggregate in secondary pavements with limited use of deicing salt. A five-cycle salt treatment of the coarse aggregate prior to durability testing has yielded durability factors that correlate with aggregate service records on heavily salted primary pavements. X-ray fluorescence analyses have shown that sulfur contents correlate well with aggregate durabilities with higher sulfur contents producing poor durability. Trial additives that affect the salt treatment durabilities would indicate that one factor in the rapid deterioration mechanism is an adverse chemical reaction. The objective· of the current research is to develop a simple method of determining aggregate susceptibility to salt related deterioration. This method of evaluation includes analyses of both the pore system and chemical composition.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Aggregates, D cracking, Deicing chemicals, Durability, Winter maintenance
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Materials > Gravel and aggregates
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 21975
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 29 Apr 2016 12:45
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2016 12:45