Wireless Sensor Networks for Infrastructure Monitoring, TR-611, 2010

(2010) Wireless Sensor Networks for Infrastructure Monitoring, TR-611, 2010. Transportation, Department of


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A good system of preventive bridge maintenance enhances the ability of engineers to manage and monitor bridge conditions, and take proper action at the right time. Traditionally infrastructure inspection is performed via infrequent periodical visual inspection in the field. Wireless sensor technology provides an alternative cost-effective approach for constant monitoring of infrastructures. Scientific data-acquisition systems make reliable structural measurements, even in inaccessible and harsh environments by using wireless sensors. With advances in sensor technology and availability of low cost integrated circuits, a wireless monitoring sensor network has been considered to be the new generation technology for structural health monitoring. The main goal of this project was to implement a wireless sensor network for monitoring the behavior and integrity of highway bridges. At the core of the system is a low-cost, low power wireless strain sensor node whose hardware design is optimized for structural monitoring applications. The key components of the systems are the control unit, sensors, software and communication capability. The extensive information developed for each of these areas has been used to design the system. The performance and reliability of the proposed wireless monitoring system is validated on a 34 feet span composite beam in slab bridge in Black Hawk County, Iowa. The micro strain data is successfully extracted from output-only response collected by the wireless monitoring system. The energy efficiency of the system was investigated to estimate the battery lifetime of the wireless sensor nodes. This report also documents system design, the method used for data acquisition, and system validation and field testing. Recommendations on further implementation of wireless sensor networks for long term monitoring are provided.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Highway bridges, Preventive maintenance, Sensors, Structural health monitoring
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Equipment
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 20079
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 07 Jul 2015 12:25
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2015 12:25
URI: https://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/20079