Reducing the Adverse Effects of Transverse Cracking, HR-217, 1984

(1984) Reducing the Adverse Effects of Transverse Cracking, HR-217, 1984. Transportation, Department of


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This research was initiated to identify methods of reducing the occurrence of transverse cracking. Eight (four repetitive) research sections were established to study three variations in the asphalt concrete pavement. The first variation was the comparison of low- and high-temperature-susceptible asphalt cement (AC) from two different sources. The second variable was to saw and seal transverse joints at spacings varying from 40 to 100 ft. The third variable was to increase the AC content in the asphalt treated base by 1 percent. The research sections were constructed with relatively few problems. Crack and joint surveys have been conducted on all research sections at intervals of less than 1 year since construction. No cracking was identified after the first winter season. The sawed joints also remained sealed through the first winter. At an age of approximately 1 1/2 years there was substantial cracking of the high-temperature-susceptible AC sections and substantial failure of the sealant material in the sawed joints. After almost 4 years, the asphalt pavement constructed with the high-temperature-susceptible AC produced a crack interval of 35 ft, the low-temperature-susceptible AC yielded an interval of 170 ft, and the low-temperature-susceptible AC with an increased AC content yielded an interval of 528 ft. The Pen-Vis number is an effective measure of temperature susceptibility of asphalt cements. The frequency of transverse cracking is affected by the temperature susceptibility of the AC. An increased AC content also reduces the frequency of transverse cracking.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Asphalt cement, Asphalt concrete, Reduction (Chemistry), Spacing, Thermal resistance, Transverse cracking, Transverse joints
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 16602
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 24 Apr 2014 11:43
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2015 21:15