Evaluation of Deicing Materials and Corrosion Reducing Treatments for Deicing Salts, TR-471, 2007

(2007) Evaluation of Deicing Materials and Corrosion Reducing Treatments for Deicing Salts, TR-471, 2007. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Effective winter maintenance makes use of freezing-point-depressant chemicals (also known as ice-control products) to prevent the formation of the bond between snow and ice and the highway pavement. In performing such winter maintenance, the selection of appropriate ice-control products for the bond prevention task involves consideration of a number of factors, as indicated in Nixon and Williams (2001). The factors are in essence performance measurements of the ice-control products, and as such can be easily incorporated into a specification document to allow for selection of the best ice-control products for a given agency to use in its winter maintenance activities. Once performance measures for de-icing or anti-icing chemicals have been specified, this allows the creation of a quality control program for the acceptance of those chemicals. This study presents a series of performance measurement tests for ice-control products, and discusses the role that they can play in such a quality control program. Some tests are simple and rapid enough that they can be performed on every load of icecontrol products received, while for others, a sampling technique must be used. An appropriate sampling technique is presented. Further, each test is categorized as to whether it should be applied to every load of ice-control products or on a sampling basis. The study includes a detailed literature review that considers the performance of ice-control products in three areas: temperature related performance, product consistency, and negative side effects. The negative side effects are further broken down into three areas, namely operational side effects (such as chemical slipperiness), environmental side effects, and infrastructural side effects (such as corrosion of vehicles and damage to concrete). The review indicated that in the area of side effects the field performance of ice-control products is currently so difficult to model in the laboratory that no particular specification tests can be recommended at this time. A study of the impact of ice-control products on concrete was performed by Professor Wang of Iowa State University as a sub-contract to this study, and has been presented to the Iowa Highway Research Board prior to this report.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Abrasives, Anti-icing, Deicing, Deicing chemicals, Freezing point, Skid resistance, Slipperiness, Snow and ice control, Winter maintenance
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Environment
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 20037
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 07 Jul 2015 12:17
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2015 12:17
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/20037