Factors Relating to Aggregate Durability in Portland Cement Concrete, HR-2022, Interim Report, 1983

(1983) Factors Relating to Aggregate Durability in Portland Cement Concrete, HR-2022, Interim Report, 1983. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Over the past several years we conducted a comprehensive study on the pore systems of limestones used as coarse aggregate in portland cement concrete (pee) and their relationship to freeze-thaw aggregate failure. A simple test called the Iowa Pore Index Test was developed and used to identify those coarse aggregates that had freeze-thaw susceptible pore systems. Basically, it identified those aggregates that could take on a considerable amount of water but only at a slow rate. The assumption was that if an aggregate would take on a considerable amount of water at a slow rate, its pore system would impede the outward movement of water through a critically saturated particle during freezing, causing particle fracture. The test was quite successful when used to identify aggregates containing susceptible pore systems if the aggregates were clean carbonates containing less than 2% or 3% insolubles. The correlation between service record, ASTM C666B and the pore index test was good, but not good enough. It became apparent over the past year that there were factors other than the pore system that could cause an aggregate to fail when used in pee. The role that silica and clay play in aggregate durability was studied.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Correlation analysis, Freeze thaw durability, Freeze thaw tests, Index tests, Limestone aggregates
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Pavements > Concrete
Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Materials > Gravel and aggregates
Transportation > Environment
ID Code: 19898
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 24 Jun 2015 17:04
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2015 17:04
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/19898