Bridge Deck Waterproofing Membrane Study;MLR-74-01, R-262, 1974

(1974) Bridge Deck Waterproofing Membrane Study;MLR-74-01, R-262, 1974. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

One of the main problems of bridge maintenance in Iowa is the spalling and scaling of the decks. This problem stems from the continued use of deicing salts during the winter months. Since bridges will frost or freeze more often than roadways, the use of deicing salts on bridges is more frequent. The salt which is spread onto the bridge dissolves in water and permeates into the concrete deck. When the salt reaches the depth of the reinforcing steel and the concentration at that depth reaches the threshold concentration for corrosion (1.5 lbs./yd. 3 ), the steel will begin to oxidize. The oxidizing steel must then expand within the concrete. This expansion eventually forces undersurface fractures and spalls in the concrete. The spalling increases maintenance problems on bridges and in some cases has forced resurfacing after only a few years of service. There are two possible solutions to this problem. One solution is discontinuing the use of salts as the deicing agent on bridges and the other is preventing the salt from reaching or attacking the reinforcing steel. This report deals with one method which stops the salt from reaching the reinforcing steel. The method utilizes a waterproof membrane on the surface of a bridge deck. The waterproof membrane stops the water-salt solution from entering the concrete so the salt cannot reach the reinforcing steel.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Bridge decks, Deicing, Deicing chemicals, Maintenance, Scaling (Concrete), Scaling factor, Spalling, MLR-74-01, Waterproofing materials, Winter maintenance
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 17298
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 30 Jun 2014 12:57
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2017 20:25
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/17298