Thin Bonded Overlay Evaluation, Construction Report, HR-559, 1999

(1999) Thin Bonded Overlay Evaluation, Construction Report, HR-559, 1999. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

In recent years, ultra-thin whitetopping (UTW) has evolved as a viable rehabilitation technique for deteriorated asphalt cement concrete (ACC) pavement. Numerous UTW projects have been constructed and tested, enabling researchers to identify key elements contributing to their successful performance. These elements include foundation support, the interface bonding condition, portland cement concrete (PCC) overlay thickness, synthetic fiber reinforcement usage, joint spacing, and joint sealing. The interface bonding condition is the most important of these elements. It enables the pavement to act as a composite structure, thus reducing tensile stresses and allowing an ultra-thin PCC overlay to perform as intended. Although the main factors affecting UTW performance have been identified in previous research, neither the impact that external variables have on the elements nor the element interaction have been thoroughly investigated. The objective of this research was to investigate the interface bonding condition between an ultra-thin PCC overlay and an ACC base over time, considering the previously mentioned variables. Laboratory testing and full scale field testing were planned to accomplish the research objective. Laboratory testing involved monitoring interface strains in fabricated PCC/ACC composite test beams subjected to either static or dynamic flexural loading. Variables investigated included ACC surface preparation, PCC thickness, and synthetic fiber reinforcement usage. Field testing involved monitoring PCC/ACC interface stains and temperatures, falling weight deflectometer (FWD) deflection responses, direct shear strengths, and distresses on a 7.2 mile Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) UTW project (HR-559). The project was located on Iowa Highway 21 between Iowa Highway 212 and U.S. Highway 6 in Iowa County, near Belle Plaine, Iowa. Variables investigated included ACC surface preparation, PCC thickness, synthetic fiber reinforcement usage, joint spacing, and joint sealing. This report documents the planning, equipment selection, and construction of the project built in 1994.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Asphalt cement, Bonding, Concrete overlays, Portland cement concrete, Rehabilitation, Whitetopping
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 16827
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 07 May 2014 11:49
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 20:14
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16827