Measurement of Ice Scraping Forces on Snow-Plow Underbody Blades, HR-372, 1997

(1997) Measurement of Ice Scraping Forces on Snow-Plow Underbody Blades, HR-372, 1997. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

In this study, several new cutting edges for removal of ice from the roadway were tested in a series of closed road tests. These new cutting edges consisted of a variety of serrated shapes. The study also included measurement of ice scraping forces by in-service trucks. These trucks were instrumented in a similar manner as the truck used in the closed-road tests. Results from the closed-road and in-service tests were analyzed by two parameters. The first parameter is the scraping effectiveness, which is defined as the average horizontal force experienced by a cutting edge. The amount of ice scraped from the roadway is directly proportional to the magnitude of the scraping effectiveness. Thus an increase in scraping effectiveness indicates an increase in the amount of ice being scraped from the roadway. The second parameter is force angle, which is defined as tan to the -1 power [vertical force/horizontal force]. A combination of a minimal force angle and a maximized scraping effectiveness represents a case in which the maximal amount of ice is being removed from the pavement without an exceptionally large vertical force. Results indicate that each cutting edge produced a maximal scraping effectiveness with a testing configuration of a 15 deg blade angle and a 23,000 lb. download force. Results also indicate that each cutting edge produced a minimal force angle with a testing configuration of a 15 deg blade angle and a 10,000 lb. download force. Results from the in-service trucks produced similar data and also similar trends within the data when compared to the results of the closed-road tests. This result is most important, as it suggests that the closed-road tests do provide an accurate measure of ice scraping forces for a given blade and configuration of that blade. Thus if the closed-road tests indicate that certain blades perform well, there is now excellent reason to conduct full scale tests of such blades.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Alternatives analysis, Blades (Machinery), Deicing, Field studies, Snow and ice control, Field data
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Motor vehicles
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Environment
Transportation > Environment > Weather and climate
ID Code: 16268
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 06 Mar 2014 19:24
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2014 12:06
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16268