Development of an Economic Dust Palliative for Limestone Surfaced Secondary Roads, HR-297, Progress Report, 1988

(1988) Development of an Economic Dust Palliative for Limestone Surfaced Secondary Roads, HR-297, Progress Report, 1988. Transportation, Department of


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Research activities during this period concentrated on continuation of field and laboratory testing for the Dallas County test road. Stationary ditch collection of dust was eliminated because of inconsistent data, and because of vandalism to collectors. Braking tests were developed and initiated to evaluate the influence of treatments on braking and safety characteristics of the test sections. Dust testing was initiated for out of the wheelpath conditions as well as in the wheelpath. Contrary to the results obtained during the summer and fall of 1987, the 1.5 percent bentonite treatment appears to be outperforming the other bentonite treated sections after over a year of service. Overall dust reduction appears to average between 25 to 35 percent. Dallas County applied 300 tons per mile of class A roadstone maintenance surfacing to the test road in August 1988. Test data indicates that the bentonite is capable of interacting and functioning to reduce dust generation of the new surfacing material. Again, the 1.5 percent bentonite treatment appeared the most effective. The fine particulate bonding and aggregation mechanism of the bentonite appears recoverable from the environmental effects of winter, and from alternating wet and dry road surface conditions. The magnesium chloride treatment appears capable of long-term (over one year) dust reduction and exhibited an overall average reduction in the range of 15 to 30 percent. The magnesium chloride treatment also appears capable of interacting with newly applied crushed stone to reduce dust generation. Two additional one mile test roads were to have been constructed early this year. Due to an extremely dry spring and summer, construction scheduling was not possible until August. This would have allowed only minimal data collection. Considering this and the fact that this was an atypically dry summer, it was our opinion that it would be in the best interest of the research project to extend the project (at no additional cost) for a period of one year. The two additional test roads will be constructed in early spring 1989 in Adair and Marion counties.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Clay, Dust control, Field tests, Limestone dust, Secondary roads
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 22407
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 06 Jul 2016 12:57
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2016 12:57