Examination of Curing Criteria for Cold In-Place Recycling, TR-553, 2008

(2008) Examination of Curing Criteria for Cold In-Place Recycling, TR-553, 2008. Transportation, Department of


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TR-553 Tech Brief.pdf

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Cold In-Place Recycling (CIR) has been used widely in rehabilitating the rural highways because it improves a long-term pavement performance. A CIR layer is normally covered by a hot mix asphalt (HMA) overlay in order to protect it from water ingress and traffic abrasion and obtain the required pavement structure and texture. Curing is the term currently used for the period of time that a CIR layer should remain exposed to drying conditions before an HMA overlay is placed. The industry standard for curing time is 10 days to 14 days or a maximum moisture content of 1.5 percent, which appear to be very conservative. When the exposed CIR layer is required to carry traffic for many weeks before the wearing surface is placed, it increases the risk of a premature failure in both CIR layer and overlay. This study was performed to explore technically sound ways to identify minimum in-place CIR properties necessary to permit placement of the HMA overlay. To represent the curing process of CIR pavement in the field construction, three different laboratory curing procedures were examined: 1) uncovered, 2) semi-covered and 3) covered specimens. The indirect tensile strength of specimens in all three curing conditions did not increase during an early stage of curing but increased during a later stage of curing usually when the moisture content falls below 1.5%. Dynamic modulus and flow number increased as curing time increased and moisture contents decreased. For the same curing time, CIR-foam specimens exhibited the higher tensile strength and less moisture content than CIR-emulsion. The laboratory test results concluded that the method of curing temperature and length of the curing period significantly affect the properties of the CIR mixtures. The moisture loss index was developed to predict the moisture condition in the field and, in the future, this index be calibrated with the measurements of temperature and moisture of a CIR layer in the field.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Cold in-place recycling, Dynamic modulus of elasticity, Hot mix asphalt, Laboratory tests, Moisture content, Overlays (Pavements), Rehabilitation (Maintenance), Rural highways, Tensile strength
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 20058
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 07 Jul 2015 12:22
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 18:09
URI: https://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/20058