Evaluation of Carbonate Aggregate Using X-Ray Analysis, HR-266, 1989

(1989) Evaluation of Carbonate Aggregate Using X-Ray Analysis, HR-266, 1989. Transportation, Department of


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Iowa has more than 13,000 miles of portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement. Some pavements have performed well for over 50 years, while others have been removed or overlaid due to the premature deterioration of joints and cracks. Some of the premature deterioration is classical D-cracking, which is attributed to a critically saturated aggregate pore system (freeze-thaw damage). However, some of the premature deterioration is related to adverse chemical reactivity involving carbonate coarse aggregate. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the value of a chemical analysis of carbonate aggregate using X-ray equipment to identify good or poor quality. At least 1.5% dolomite is necessary in a carbonate aggregate to produce a discernible dolomite peak. The shift of the maximum-intensity X-ray diffraction dolomite d-spacing can be used to predict poor performance of a carbonate aggregate in PCC. A limestone aggregate with a low percentage of strontium (less than 0.013) and phosphorus (less than 0.010) would be expected to give good performance in PCC pavement. Poor performance in PCC pavement is expected from limestone aggregates with higher percentages (above 0.05) of strontium.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Aggregates, Alkali aggregate reactions, Carbonates, Deterioration, Dolomite, Limestone aggregates, Performance evaluations, Phosphorus, Portland cement concrete, Quality control, X ray analysis, Aggregate analysis
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Materials > Gravel and aggregates
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 16356
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 14 Mar 2014 19:04
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2015 20:09
URI: https://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16356