Submerged Vanes for Flow Control and Bank Protection in Streams, HR-255, 1984

(1984) Submerged Vanes for Flow Control and Bank Protection in Streams, HR-255, 1984. Transportation, Department of


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This study was conducted for the purpose of evaluating a new concept for a bank-protection structure: The Iowa Vane . The underlying idea involves countering the torque exerted on the primary flow by its curvature and vertical velocity gradient, thereby eliminating or significantly reducing the secondary flow and thus reducing the undermining of the outer banks and the high-velocity attack on it. The new structure consists of an array of short, vertical, submerged vanes installed with a certain orientation on the channel bed. A relatively small number of vanes can produce bend flows which are practically uniform across the channel. The height of the vanes is less than half the water depth, and their angle with the flow direction is of the order of l0 degrees. In this study, design relations have been established. The relations, and the vanes' overall performance, have been tested in a laboratory model under different flow and sediment conditions. The results are used for the design of an Iowa-Vane bank protection structure for a section of East Nishnabotna River along U.S. Highway 34 at Red Oak, Iowa.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Bank protection, Banks (Waterways), Streamflow, Streams, Submerged vanes
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 16236
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 05 Mar 2014 13:48
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2014 12:29