Field Evaluation of Class A Subbase Using Fly Ash, MLR-87-3, 1988

(1988) Field Evaluation of Class A Subbase Using Fly Ash, MLR-87-3, 1988. Transportation, Department of


File Size:798kB


This project consisted of slipforming a 4-inch thick econocrete subbase on a 6-mile section of US 63. The project location extends south from one mile south of Denver, Iowa to Black Hawk County Road C-66 and consisted of the reconstruction and new construction of a divided four-lane facility. The econocrete was placed 27.3 feet wide in a single pass. Fly ash was used in this field study to replace 30, 45 and 60 percent of the portland cement in three portland cement econocrete base paving mixes. The three mixes contained 300, 350 and 400 pounds of cementitious material per cubic yard. Two Class "C" ashes from Iowa approved sources were used. The ash was substituted on the basis of one pound of ash for each pound of cement removed. The work was done October 6-29, 1987 and May 25-June 9, 1988. The twelve subbase mixes were placed in sections 2500 to 3000 feet in length on both the north and southbound roadways. Compressive strengths of all mixes were determined at 3 and 28 days of age. Flexural strengths of all mixes were determined at 7 and 14 days. In all cases strengths were adequate. The freeze/thaw durability of the econocrete mixes used was reduced by increased fly ash levels but remained above acceptable limits. The test results demonstrate the feasibility of producing econocrete with satisfactory properties even using fly ash at substitution rates up to 45 percent.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Compressive strength, Econocrete, Field studies, Flexural strength, Fly ash, Freeze thaw durability, Subbase materials
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
ID Code: 16102
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 18 Feb 2014 17:11
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2014 11:48