Distribution of Loads in Beam-and-Slab Bridges HR-61, December 1956

(1956) Distribution of Loads in Beam-and-Slab Bridges HR-61, December 1956. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

In a new procedure for predicting the strains and deflections of the beams in simple-span beam-and-slab bridges of the usual proportions has been developed. It divides the calculations into two primary steps: 1. Temporary reactions are assumed at the beams to prevent deflections of the beams, and the loads are distributed to these reactions by the slab acting as a continuous beam. 2. The temporary reactions are removed and the consequent effects on the beams are computed. Since no deflections or moments are produced in the beams in step 1, the entire effect on the beams is found in step 2. This effect on a beam is assumed to be that of a loading consisting of: 1. a concentrated or narrowly distributed force, the temporary reaction reversed, and 2. a widely distributed force produced by the resistance of the slab to deformation. Part 2 of the beam loading has been assumed to be sinsoidal, but any other form could be assumed. For the bridges tested the effects of part 2 are relatively small; so the precision of the predictions of maximum strains and deflections is not sensitive to changes in the form assumed. It is suggested that, pending further study, the use of the procedure be limited to bridges having a ratio of span to beam spacing of 2 or more, and also a ratio of beam to slab stiffness, H, of 2 or more. To obtain checks on the predictions by the proposed procedure, by the present (1953) AASHO specifications, and by the tentative revisions (T-15-50), four bridges were tested. Two are full-size bridges in use on a highway; their spans are 41.25 ft. and 71.25 ft. and their roadways are 10 ft. wide. Each of the four bridges has four beams equally spaced, has the interior beams larger than the exterior, and is of composite construction. Among the four bridges the span to beam spacing ratio varied from 3.1 to 7.8, and the beam stiffness to slab stiffness ratio varied from 3.0 to 10.7. The loads on the laboratory bridges were either single-axle or tandem-axle trucks; either one truck, alone, or, two, side by side. The load on the highway bridges was a single semi-trailer truck having tandem rear axles.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Subjects: Transportation
ID Code: 29960
Deposited By: Hannah Gehring
Deposited On: 01 Apr 2019 11:59
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2019 11:59
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/29960