Shear Strength of Granular Materials, 1967

(1967) Shear Strength of Granular Materials, 1967. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

A theory was developed to allow the separate determination of the effects of the interparticle friction and interlocking of particles on the shearing resistance and deformational behavior of granular materials. The derived parameter, angle of solid friction, is independent of the type of shear test, stress history, porosity and the level of confining pressure, and depends solely upon the nature of the particle surface. The theory was tested against published data concerning the performance of plane strain, triaxial compression and extension tests on cohesionless soils. The theory also was applied to isotropically consolidated undrained triaxial tests on three crushed limestones prepared by the authors using vibratory compaction. The authors concluded that, (1) the theory allowed the determination of solid friction between particles which was found to depend solely on the nature of the particle surface, (2) the separation of frictional and volume change components of shear strength of granular materials qualitatively corroborated the postulated mechanism of deformation (sliding and rolling of groups of particles over other similar groups with resulting dilatancy of specimen), (3) the influence of void ratio, gradation confining pressure, stress history and type of shear test on shear strength is reflected in values of the omega parameter, and (4) calculation of the coefficient of solid friction allows the establishment of the lower limit of the shear strength of a granular material.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Compression; Granular materials; Shear strength; Triaxial shear tests
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Materials > Gravel and aggregates
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 22347
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 24 Jun 2016 15:51
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2016 15:51
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/22347