Row Crop Response to Topsoil Restored on Borrow Areas, HR-186, Supplemental Report, 1982

(1982) Row Crop Response to Topsoil Restored on Borrow Areas, HR-186, Supplemental Report, 1982. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Borrow areas are created where soil is needed to provide fill for construction projects. This research evaluated (1) the changes in row crop productivity resulting from removal of soil for highway construction in Iowa and (2) restoration methods which included: depth of topsoil, subsoil tillage, manure application, and two years of legume growth prior to row cropping. The research was carried out from 1977-1981 at four locations. Corn and soybean y1elds from borrow areas have been below, equal to; and greater than yields from undisturbed, neighboring farmland. Little or no yield increase was noted from restored topsoil at coarse textured sites. At finer textured sites, a marked yield increase of both crops occurred after the addition of 6 inches of topsoil but little added yield increase resulted from restoring 12 inches of topsoil. Subsoil tillage has shown little or no beneficial effect on crop yields. The manure treatment has resulted in a corn yield increase but only in the first year after application.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Construction sites, Crops, Fertilizers, Fertilizers, Fills, Road construction, Soybeans, Subsoil, Till, Topsoil, Yield signs
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation > Environment
ID Code: 22038
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 04 May 2016 17:29
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 17:29
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/22038