Dynamic Tests of a Three-Span Continuous I-Beam Highway Bridge, HR-43, 1959

(1959) Dynamic Tests of a Three-Span Continuous I-Beam Highway Bridge, HR-43, 1959. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of the static and dynamic testing of a three-span continuous I-beam highway bridge. Live load stress frequency curves for selected points are shown, and the static and dynamic load distribution to the longitudinal composite beam members are given. The bridge has four traffic lanes with a roadway width of 48 ft. Six longitudinal continuous WF beams act compositely with the reinforced concrete slab to carry the live load. The beams have partial length cover plates at the piers. Previous research has indicated that beams with partial length cover plates have a very low fatigue strength. It was found in this research that the magnitude of the stresses due to actual highway loads were very much smaller than those computed from specification loading. Also, the larger stresses which were measured occurred a relatively small number of times. These data indicate that some requirements for reduced allowable stresses at the ends of cover plates are too conservative. The load distribution to the longitudinal beams was determined for static and moving loads and includes the effect of impact on the distribution. The effective composite section was found at various locations to evaluate the load distribution data. The composite action was in negative as well as positive moment regions. The load distribution data indicate that the lateral distribution of live load is consistent with the specifications, but that there is longitudinal distribution, and therefore the specifications are too conservative.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Beams, Bridge superstructures, Composite materials, Dynamic tests, Highway bridges, I beams, Load tests, Load transfer, Plates (Engineering), Static tests, Stresses, Bridge spans
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 17250
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 19 Jun 2014 11:58
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2014 15:32
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/17250