Investigation of the Loss of Prestress in Prestressed Concrete Beams due to Steam Curing, HR-62, 1961

(1961) Investigation of the Loss of Prestress in Prestressed Concrete Beams due to Steam Curing, HR-62, 1961. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Mass production of prestressed concrete beams is facilitated by the accelerated curing of the concrete. The ·method most commonly used for this purpose is steam curing at atmospheric pressure. This requires concrete temperatures as high as 150°F. during the curing period. Prestressing facilities in Iowa are located out of doors. This means that during the winter season the forms are set and the steel cables are stressed at temperatures as low as 0°F. The thermal expansion of the prestressing cables should result in a reduction of the stress which was placed in them at the lower temperature. If the stress is reduced in the cables, then the amount of prestress ultimately transferred to the concrete may be less than the amount for which the beam was designed. Research project HR-62 was undertaken to measure and explain the difference between the initial stress placed in the cables and the actual stress which is eventually transferred to the concrete. The project was assigned to the Materials Department Laboratory under the general supervision of the Testing Engineer, Mr. James W. Johnson. A small stress bed complete with steam curing facilities was set up in the laboratory, and prestressed concrete beams were fabricated under closely controlled conditions. Measurements were made to determine the initial stress in the steel and the final stress in the concrete. The results of these tests indicate that there is a general loss of prestressing force in excess of that caused by elastic shortening of the concrete. The exact amount of the loss and the identification of the factors involved could not be determined from this limited investigation.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Beams, Cables, Deformation curve, Prestressed concrete, Steam curing, Strain measurement, Structural analysis
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 16989
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 02 Jun 2014 11:54
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2014 18:35
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16989