Control of Concrete Deterioration Due to Trace Compounds in Deicers, HR-299 Phase I, 1988

(1988) Control of Concrete Deterioration Due to Trace Compounds in Deicers, HR-299 Phase I, 1988. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

This report presents the results of research on the influence of trace compounds from rock salt deicers on portland cement mortar and concrete. An evaluation of the deicers in stock throughout the state showed that about ninety-five percent contained enough sulfate to cause accelerated deterioration of concrete. Of the impurities found in rock salts, sulfate compounds of calcium and magnesium were found to be equally deleterious. Magnesium chloride was found to be innocuous. Introduction of fly ash eliminated the damage to portland cement mortar caused by sulfates. When used with frost resistant Alden aggregate in fly ash concrete and exposed to a variety of deicer brine compositions, the concrete did not deteriorate after exposure. With the exception of a high calcium brine, the behavior of the frost-prone Garrison aggregate was independent of deicer treatment; the high calcium brine reduced frost damage with this aggregate. Two approaches to reducing sulfate deterioration from deicers are suggested as (1) limiting the amount of sulfate to about 0.28 percent, and (2) making concrete sulfate-resistant by using fly ash. Techniques for making existing concrete deicer-sulfate-resistant are essential to a practical solution.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Aggregates, Deicers (Equipment), Deterioration, Fly ash, Halite, Portland cement concrete, Sulfates, Deicers
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 16900
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 13 May 2014 12:13
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2015 12:45
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16900