Thermogravimetric Analysis of Carbonate Aggregate, HR-336, 1994

(1994) Thermogravimetric Analysis of Carbonate Aggregate, HR-336, 1994. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Research has shown that one of the major contributing factors in early joint deterioration of portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement is the quality of the coarse aggregate. Conventional physical and freeze/thaw tests are slow and not satisfactory in evaluating aggregate quality. In the last ten years the Iowa DOT has been evaluating X-ray analysis and other new technologies to predict aggregate durability in PCC pavement. The objective of this research is to evaluate thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of carbonate aggregate. The TGA testing has been conducted with a TA 2950 Thermogravimetric Analyzer. The equipment is controlled by an IBM compatible computer. A "TA Hi-RES" (trademark) software package allows for rapid testing while retaining high resolution. The carbon dioxide is driven off the dolomite fraction between 705 deg C and 745 deg C and off the calcite fraction between 905 deg C and 940 deg C. The graphical plot of the temperature and weight loss using the same sample size and test procedure demonstrates that the test is very accurate and repeatable. A substantial number of both dolomites and limestones (calcites) have been subjected to TGA testing. The slopes of the weight loss plot prior to the dolomite and calcite transitions does correlate with field performance. The noncarbonate fraction, which correlates to the acid insolubles, can be determined by TGA for most calcites and some dolomites. TGA has provided information that can be used to help predict the quality of carbonate aggregate.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Accuracy, Aggregates, Calcites, Carbonate rocks, Coarse aggregates, Correlation analysis, Dolomite, Durability, Limestone, Materials tests, Performance, Quality control, Thermogravimetric analysis, X ray analysis, Aggregate testing, Field performance, Quality, Repeatability
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Materials > Gravel and aggregates
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 16393
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 18 Mar 2014 20:34
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2014 15:56
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16393