Investigation of Two Bridge Alternatives for Low Volume Roads - Phase II Volume 1 of 2 Concept 1: Steel Beam Precast Units, TR-410, 2000

(2000) Investigation of Two Bridge Alternatives for Low Volume Roads - Phase II Volume 1 of 2 Concept 1: Steel Beam Precast Units, TR-410, 2000. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

This project continues the research which addresses the numerous bridge problems on the Iowa secondary road system. It is a continuation (Phase 2) of Project HR-382, in which two replacement alternatives (Concept 1: Steel Beam Precast Units and Concept 2: Modification of the Benton County Beam-in-Slab Bridge) were investigated. In previous research for concept 1, a precast unit bridge was developed through laboratory testing. The steel-beam precast unit bridge requires the fabrication of precast double-tee (PCDT) units, each consisting of two steel beams connected by a reinforced concrete deck. The weight of each PCDT unit is minimized by limiting the deck thickness to 4 in., which permits the units to be constructed off-site and then transported to the bridge site. The number of units required is a function of the width of bridge desired. Once the PCDT units are connected, a cast-in-place reinforced concrete deck is cast over the PCDT units and the bridge railing attached. Since the steel beam PCDT unit bridge design is intended primarily for use on low-volume roads, used steel beams can be utilized for a significant cost savings. In previous research for concept 2, an alternate shear connector (ASC) was developed and subjected to static loading. In this investigation, the ASC was subjected to cyclic loading in both pushout specimens and composite beam tests. Based on these tests, the fatigue strength of the ASC was determined to be significantly greater than that required in typical low volume road single span bridges. Based upon the construction and service load testing, the steel-beam precast unit bridge was successfully shown to be a viable low volume road bridge alternative. The construction process utilized standard methods resulting in a simple system that can be completed with a limited staff. Results from the service load tests indicated adequate strength for all legal loads. An inspection of the bridge one year after its construction revealed no change in the bridge's performance. Each of the systems previously described are relatively easy to construct. Use of the ASC rather than the welded studs significantly simplified the work, equipment, and materials required to develop composite action between the steel beams and the concrete deck.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Beams, Bridge decks, Cost effectiveness, Cyclic tests, Fatigue strength, Highway bridges, Load tests, Low volume roads, Performance, Precast concrete, Reinforced concrete, Rural areas, Secondary roads, Steel, Structural connection, Beam-in-slab bridges, Shear connectors
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 16094
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 17 Feb 2014 15:40
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 17:17
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16094