Decision Support Model for Assessing Archaeological Survey Needs for Bridge Replacement Projects in Iowa, 2006

(2006) Decision Support Model for Assessing Archaeological Survey Needs for Bridge Replacement Projects in Iowa, 2006. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

The Bridges Decision Support Model is a geographic information system (GIS) that assembles existing data on archaeological sites, surveys, and their geologic contexts to assess the risk of bridge replacement projects encountering 13,000- to 150-year-old Native American sites. This project identifies critical variables for assessing prehistoric sites potential, examines the quality of available data about the variables, and applies the data to creating a decision support framework for use by the Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) and others. An analysis of previous archaeological surveys indicates that subsurface testing to discover buried sites became increasingly common after 1980, but did not become routine until after the adoption of guidelines recommending such testing, in 1993. Even then, the average depth of testing has been relatively shallow. Alluvial deposits of sufficient age, deposited in depositional environments conducive to human habitation, are considerably thicker than archaeologists have routinely tested.

Item Type: Newsletter
Keywords: Transportation, Archaeological Survey, Bridge, Bridge Replacement
Subjects: Transportation > Research
Transportation > Bridges and tunnels
Transportation
ID Code: 13611
Deposited By: Margaret Barr
Deposited On: 21 Aug 2012 20:34
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2012 20:34
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/13611

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