Investigation of Electromagnetic Gauges for Determination of In-Place Density of HMA Pavements, TR-576, 2009

(2009) Investigation of Electromagnetic Gauges for Determination of In-Place Density of HMA Pavements, TR-576, 2009. Transportation, Department of


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This study evaluated the use of electromagnetic gauges to determine the adjusted densities of HMA pavements. Field measurements were taken with two electromagnetic gauges, the Pavement Quality Indicator (PQI) 301 and the Pavetracker Plus 2701B. Seven projects were included in the study with 3 to 5 consecutive paving days. For each day/lot 20 randomly selected locations were tested along with seven core locations. The analysis of PaveTracker and PQI density consisted of determining which factors are statistically significant, and core density residuals and a regression analysis of core as a function of PaveTracker and PQI readings. The following key conclusions can be stated: 1. Core density, traffic and binder content were all found to be significant for both electromagnetic gauges studied, 2. Core density residuals are normally distributed and centered at zero for both electromagnetic gauges, 3. For PaveTracker readings, statistically one third of the lots do not have an intercept that is zero and two thirds of the lots do not rule out a scaler correction factor of zero, 4. For PQI readings, statistically the 95% confidence interval rules out the intercept being zero for all seven projects and six of the seven projects do not rule out the scaler correction factor being zero, 5. The PQI 301 gauge should not be used for quality control or quality assurance, and 6. The Pavetracker 2701B gauge can be used for quality control but not quality assurance. This study has found that with the limited sample size, the adjusted density equations for both electromagnetic gauges were determined to be inadequate. The PaveTracker Plus 2701B was determined to be better than the PQI 301. The PaveTracker 2701B could still be applicable for quality assurance if the number of core locations per day is reduced and supplemented with additional PaveTracker 2701B readings. Further research should be done to determine the minimum number of core locations to calibrate the gauges each day/lot and the number of additional PaveTracker 2701B readings required.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Asphalt pavements, Density, Hot mix asphalt, Measuring instruments, Nondestructive tests, Quality assurance, Quality control
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Asphalt
Transportation > Data and Information Technology
ID Code: 19997
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 01 Jul 2015 12:37
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 20:27