Oils and Tars from Iowa Shales, HR-32, 1962

(1962) Oils and Tars from Iowa Shales, HR-32, 1962. Transportation, Department of


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The inadequate supply of suitable road surfacing material in the southern part of Iowa raises the question of the possibility of utilizing certain shales abundant in this area. These carbonaceous shales commonly overlie the coal beds and may also be found as impurities in the coal seams. They constitute the "slate" which with minor amounts of coal makes up the "gob" piles at the mines. These shales frequently contain enough carbonaceous material to burn. Those which do not usually require only a relatively small amount of coal mixed with them to support combustion. As a result, the "gob" piles frequently burn. The residual shale material is frequently used locally as a road surfacing material. However, since there is no control over the burning, there is no assurance that the product is the most suitable which might be produced or that it is even uniform in its properties. To determine if a controlled burning would produce a suitable road building product economically a research project "Use of Shales as Highway Materials" (ISHC Project HR-21, IEES Project 299-S) was set up in the Iowa Engineering Experiment Station with funds provided by the Iowa State Highway Commission, This project was supervised by Charles Frush, formerly Assistant Professor of Mining Engineering at Iowa State University. The various shales were subjected to controlled burning, and the solid residues were tested for their suitability for highway use.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Combustion, Oils, Road materials, Shale, Tars, Waste products, Carbonaceous shale, Shale burning
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 17227
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 13 Jun 2014 18:11
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2014 15:32
URI: https://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/17227