Vibration Study for Consolidation of Portland Cement Concrete, MLR-95-4, 1999

(1999) Vibration Study for Consolidation of Portland Cement Concrete, MLR-95-4, 1999. Transportation, Department of


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The Iowa Department of Transportation has noticed an increase in the occurrence of excessively vibrated portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements. The overconsolidation of PCC pavements can be observed in several sections of PCC highways across the state of Iowa. Also, excessive vibration is believed to be a factor in the premature deterioration of several pavements in Iowa. To address the problem of excessive vibration, a research project was conducted to document the vibratory practices of PCC slipform paving in Iowa and determine the effect of vibration on the air content of pavement. The primary factors studied were paver speed, vibrator frequency, and air content relative to the location of the vibrator. The study concluded that the Iowa Department of Transportation specification of 5000 and 8000 vibrations per minute (vpm) for slipform pavers is effective for normal paver speeds observed on the three test paving projects. Excessive vibration was clearly identified on one project where a vibrator frequency was found to be 12,000 vpm. When the paver speed was reduced to half the normal speed, hard air contents indicated that excessive vibration was beginning to occur in the localized area immediately surrounding the vibrator at a frequency of 8000 vpm. Analysis of variance testing indicated many variables and interactions to be significant at a 95% confidence level; however, the variables and interactions that were found to be significant varied from project to project. This affirms the complexity of the process for consolidating PCC.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Air content, Concrete pavements, Deterioration, Overconsolidation, Slip form pavers, Speed, Vibration
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 17178
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 10 Jun 2014 15:36
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2015 12:40