The Effects of Crushed Particles in Asphalt Mixtures, HR-311 and MLR-88-16, 1990

(1990) The Effects of Crushed Particles in Asphalt Mixtures, HR-311 and MLR-88-16, 1990. Transportation, Department of


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One of the most serious impediments to the continued successful use of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) pavements is rutting. The Iowa Department of Transportation has required 85% crushed particles and 75-blow Marshall mix design in an effort to prevent rutting on Interstate roadways. Relationships between the percent of crushed particles and resistance to rutting in pavement through the use of various laboratory test procedures must be developed. HMA mixtures were made with 0, 30, 60, 85, and 100% crushed gravel, crushed limestone, and crushed quartzite combined with uncrushed sand and gravel. These aggregate combinations were used with 4, 5, and 6% asphalt cement (ac). Laboratory tests included Marshall stability, resilient modulus, indirect tensile, and creep. A creep resistance factor (CRF) was developed to provide a single numeric value for creep test results. The CRF values relate well to the amount of crushed particles and the perceived resistance to rutting. The indirect tensile test is highly dependent on the ac with a small effect from the percent of crushed particles. The Marshall stability from 75-blow compaction relates well to the percent of crushed particles. The resilient modulus in some cases is highly affected by grade of ac.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Asphalt cement, Asphalt mixtures, Creep tests, Crushed aggregates, Crushed limestone, Gravel, Hot mix asphalt, Laboratory tests, Marshall test, Mix design, Modulus of resilience, Ruts (Pavements), Tension tests, Crushed gravel, Indirect tensile test, Marshall mix design
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 16921
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 13 May 2014 12:14
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2015 17:30