A Study of the Reliability of the ASTM C-666 Freeze-Thaw Test, MLR-72-01 and R-252, 1972

(1972) A Study of the Reliability of the ASTM C-666 Freeze-Thaw Test, MLR-72-01 and R-252, 1972. Transportation, Department of


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The Iowa State Highway Commission purchased a Conrad automatic freeze and thaw machine and placed it in operation during October 1961. There were a few problems, but considering, the many electrical and mechanical devices used in the automatic system it has always functioned quite well. Rapid freezing and thawing of 4"x4"xl8" concrete beams has been conducted primarily in accordance with ASTM C-29l (now ASTM C-666 procedure B) at the rate of one beam per day. Over 4000 beams have been tested since 1961, with determination of the resulting durability factors. Various methods of curing were used and a standard 90 day moist cure was selected. This cure seemed to yield durability factors that correlated very well with ratings of coarse aggregates based on service records. Some concrete beams had been made using the same coarse aggregate and the durability factors compared relatively well with previous tests. Durability factors seemed to yield reasonable results until large variations in durability factors were noted from beams of identical concrete mix proportions in research projects R-234 and R-247. This then presents the question "How reliable is the durability as determined by ASTM C-666?" This question became increasingly more important when a specification requiring a minimum durability factor for P.C. concrete made from coarse aggregates was incorporated into the 1972 Standard Specification for coarse aggregates for concrete.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Coarse aggregates, Concrete, Concrete curing, Freeze thaw tests, Portland cement concrete
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 16822
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 07 May 2014 11:49
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2015 12:01
URI: https://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16822