Beneficial Effects of Selected Additives on Asphalt Cement Mixes, HR-278, 1987

(1987) Beneficial Effects of Selected Additives on Asphalt Cement Mixes, HR-278, 1987. Transportation, Department of


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Effects of polyolefins, neoprene, styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) block copolymers, styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) latex, and hydrated lime on two asphalt cements were evaluated. Physical and chemical tests were performed on a total of 16 binder blends. Asphalt concrete mixes were prepared and tested with these modified binders and two aggregates (crushed limestone and gravel), each at three asphalt content levels. Properties evaluated on the modified binders (original and thin-film oven aged) included: viscosity at 25 deg C, 60 deg C and 135 deg C with capillary tube and cone-plate viscometer, penetration at 5 deg C and 25 deg C, softening point, force ductility, and elastic recovery at 10 deg C, dropping ball test, tensile strength, and toughness and tenacity tests at 25 deg C. From these the penetration index, the viscosity-temperature susceptibility, the penetration-viscosity number, the critical low-temperature, long loading-time stiffness, and the cracking temperature were calculated. In addition, the binders were studied with x-ray diffraction, reflected fluorescence microscopy, and high-performance liquid chromatography techniques. Engineering properties evaluated on the 72 asphalt concrete mixes containing additives included: Marshall stability and flow, Marshall stiffness, voids properties, resilient modulus, indirect tensile strength, permanent deformation (creep), and effects of moisture by vacuum-saturation and Lottman treatments. Pavement sections of varied asphalt concrete thicknesses and containing different additives were compared to control mixes in terms of structural responses and pavement lives for different subgrades. Although all of the additives tested improved at least one aspect of the binder/mixture properties, no additive was found to improve all the relevant binder/mixture properties at the same time. On the basis of overall considerations, the optimum beneficial effects can be expected when the additives are used in conjunction with softer grade asphalts.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Additives, Air voids, Asphalt concrete, Asphalt content, Calcium hydroxide, Copolymers, Creep, Crushed limestone, Diffraction, Gravel, Latex, Marshall test, Modulus of resilience, Neoprene, Olefins, Pendulum tests, Properties of materials, Stiffness, Styrene butadiene rubber, Tensile strength, Tension tests, Toughness, Viscosity, X rays, Indirect tensile test, Polyolefins, Styrene butadiene copolymers, X-ray diffraction
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
ID Code: 16017
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 03 Feb 2014 14:40
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 11:43