Sustainable Development and Concrete Technology, May 2004

(2004) Sustainable Development and Concrete Technology, May 2004. Iowa State University

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Abstract

For a variety of reasons, the concrete construction industry is not sustainable. First, it consumes huge quantities of virgin materials. Second, the principal binder in concrete is portland cement, the production of which is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions that are implicated in global warming and climate change. Third, many concrete structures suffer from lack of durability which has an adverse effect on the resource productivity of the industry. Because the high-volume fly ash concrete system addresses all three sustainability issues, its adoption will enable the concrete construction industry to become more sustainable. In this paper, a brief review is presented of the theory and construction practice with concrete mixtures containing more than 50% fly ash by mass of the cementitious material. Mechanisms are discussed by which the incorporation of high volume of fly ash in concrete reduces the water demand, improves the workability, minimizes cracking due to thermal and drying shrinkage, and enhances durability to reinforcement corrosion, sulfate attack, and alkali-silica expansion. For countries like China and India, this technology can play an important role in meeting the huge demand for infrastructure in a sustainable manner.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Concrete, ISU, Fly Ash
Subjects: Transportation > Research
Transportation > Research > Concrete
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 2941
Deposited By: Margaret Barr
Deposited On: 27 Oct 2005
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2005
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/2941

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