Behavior of Granular Materials Under Triaxial Compression with Pulsating Deviator Stress, HR-131, Special Report, August 1, 1970

(1970) Behavior of Granular Materials Under Triaxial Compression with Pulsating Deviator Stress, HR-131, Special Report, August 1, 1970. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Behavior of granular material subjected to repeated load triaxial compression tests is characterized by a model based on rate process theory. Starting with the Arrhenius equation from chemical kinetics, the relationship of temperature, shear stress, normal stress and volume change to deformation rate is developed. The proposed model equation includes these factors as a product of exponential terms. An empirical relationship between deformation and the cube root of the number of stress applications at constant temperature and normal stress is combined with the rate equation to yield an integrated relationship of temperature, deviator stress, confining pressure and number of deviator stress applications to axial strain. The experimental program consists of 64 repeated load triaxial compression tests, 52 on untreated crushed stone and 12 on the same crushed stone material treated with 4% asphalt cement. Results were analyzed with multiple linear regression techniques and show substantial agreement with the model equations. Experimental results fit the rate equation somewhat better than the integrated equation when all variable quantities are considered. The coefficient of shear temperature gives the activation enthalpy, which is about 4.7 kilocalories/mole for untreated material and 39.4 kilocalories/mole for asphalt-treated material. This indicates the activation enthalpy is about that of the pore fluid. The proportionality coefficient of deviator stress may be used to measure flow unit volume. The volumes thus determined for untreated and asphalt-treated material are not substantially different. This may be coincidental since comparison with flow unit volumes reported by others indicates flow unit volume is related to gradation of untreated material. The flow unit volume of asphalt-treated material may relate to asphalt cement content. The proposed model equations provide a more rational basis for further studies of factors affecting deformation of granular materials under stress similar to that in pavement subjected to transient traffic loads.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Granular materials, Compression tests, Linear regression analysis
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 22405
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 06 Jul 2016 12:56
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2017 19:01
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/22405