Grade and Cross Slope Estimation from LIDAR-based Surface Models, 2003

(2003) Grade and Cross Slope Estimation from LIDAR-based Surface Models, 2003. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Many transportation agencies maintain grade as an attribute in roadway inventory databases; however, the information is often in an aggregated format. Cross slope is rarely included in large roadway inventories. Accurate methods available to collect grade and cross slope include global positioning systems, traditional surveying, and mobile mapping systems. However, most agencies do not have the resources to utilize these methods to collect grade and cross slope on a large scale. This report discusses the use of LIDAR to extract roadway grade and cross slope for large-scale inventories. Current data collection methods and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. A pilot study to extract grade and cross slope from a LIDAR data set, including methodology, results, and conclusions, is presented. This report describes the regression methodology used to extract and evaluate the accuracy of grade and cross slope from three dimensional surfaces created from LIDAR data. The use of LIDAR data to extract grade and cross slope on tangent highway segments was evaluated and compared against grade and cross slope collected using an automatic level for 10 test segments along Iowa Highway 1. Grade and cross slope were measured from a surface model created from LIDAR data points collected for the study area. While grade could be estimated to within 1%, study results indicate that cross slope cannot practically be estimated using a LIDAR derived surface model.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Asset management, Data collection, Laser radar, Methodology, Pilot studies, Remote sensing
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 21034
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 15 Dec 2015 16:21
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2015 16:21
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/21034