Improving Traffic Safety Culture in Iowa, 2011

(2011) Improving Traffic Safety Culture in Iowa, 2011. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Vehicle crashes rank among the leading causes of death in the United States. In 2006, the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety “made a long- term commitment to address the safety culture of the United States, as it relates to traffic safety, by launching a sustained research and educational outreach initiative.” An initiative to produce a culture of safety in Iowa includes the Iowa Comprehensive Highway Safety Plan (CHSP). The Iowa CHSP “engages diverse safety stakeholders and charts the course for the state, bringing to bear sound science and the power of shared community values to change the culture and achieve a standard of safer travel for our citizens.” Despite the state’s ongoing efforts toward highway safety, an average of 445 deaths and thousands of injuries occur on Iowa’s public roads each year. As such, a need exists to revisit the concept of safety culture from a diverse, multi-disciplinary perspective in an effort to improve traffic safety. This study summarizes the best practices and effective laws in improving safety culture in the United States and abroad. Additionally, this study solicited the opinions of experts in public health, education, law enforcement, public policy, social psychology, safety advocacy, and traffic safety engineering in a bid to assess the traffic safety culture initiatives in Iowa. Recommendations for improving traffic safety culture are offered in line with the top five Iowa CHSP safety policy strategies, which are young drivers, occupant protection, motorcycle safety, traffic safety enforcement and traffic safety improvement program, as well as the eight safety program strategies outlined in the CHSP. As a result of this study, eleven high-level goals were developed, each with specific actions to support its success. The goals are: improve emergency medical services response, toughen law enforcement and prosecution, increase safety belt use, reduce speeding-related crashes, reduce alcohol-related crashes, improve commercial vehicle safety, improve motorcycle safety, improve young driver education, improve older driver safety, strengthen teenage licensing process, and reduce distracted driving.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Aged drivers, Best practices, Commercial vehicles, Culture (Social sciences), Distraction, Driver licensing, Drunk driving, Emergency medical services, Highway safety, Motorcycles, Occupant protection devices, Recommendations, Seat belt use, Seat belts, Speeding, Strategic planning, Teenage drivers, Traffic law enforcement, Traffic safety
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Social impacts
Transportation > Traffic Management
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Traffic safety
ID Code: 19903
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 24 Jun 2015 17:10
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2015 17:10
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/19903