Image Analysis of PCC and AC Pavements Using SEM Images, HR-346, 1994

(1994) Image Analysis of PCC and AC Pavements Using SEM Images, HR-346, 1994. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

The major objective of this work was to evaluate the potential of image analysis for characterizing air voids in Portland cement Concrete (PCC), voids and constituents of Asphalt Concrete (AC) and aggregate gradation in AC. Images for analysis were obtained from a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Sample preparation techniques are presented that enhance signal differences so that backscattered electron (BSE) imaging, which is sensitive to atomic number changes, can be effectively employed. Work with PCC and AC pavement core samples has shown that the low vacuum scanning electron microscope (LVSEM) is better suited towards rapid analyses. The conventional high vacuum SEM can also be used for AC and PCC analyses but some distortion within the sample matrix will occur. Images with improved resolution can be obtained from scanning electron microscope (SEM) backscatter electron (BSE) micrographs. In a BSE image, voids filled with barium sulfate/resin yield excellent contrast in both PCC and AC. There is a good correlation between percent of air by image analysis and linear traverse.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Aggregate gradation, Air voids, Asphalt concrete, Electron microscopes, Image analysis, Image processing, Portland cement concrete, Samples
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Pavements > Concrete
Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Roads and highways
ID Code: 19671
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 02 Jun 2015 14:05
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 14:05
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/19671