Relating Creep Testing to Rutting of Asphalt Concrete Mixes, HR-311, Part 2, 1991

(1991) Relating Creep Testing to Rutting of Asphalt Concrete Mixes, HR-311, Part 2, 1991. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

The Iowa Department of Transportation began creep and resilient modulus testing of asphalt concrete mixtures in 1989. Part 1 of this research reported in January 1990 was a laboratory study of hot mix asphalt (HMA) mixtures made with O, 30, 60, 85 and 100% crushed gravel, crushed limestone and crushed quartzite combined with uncrushed sand and gravel. Creep test results from Marshall specimens related well to the percent of crushed particles and the perceived resistance to rutting. The objective of this research, part 2, was to determine if there was a meaningful correlation between pavement rut depth and the resilient modulus or the creep resistance factor. Four and six inch diameter cores were drilled from rutted primary and interstate pavements and interstate pavements with design changes intended to resist rutting. The top 2 1/2 inches of each core, most of which was surface course, was used for creep and resilient modulus testing. There is a good correlation between the resilient modulus of four and six inch diameter cores. Creep resistance factors of four and six inch diameter cores also correlated well. There is a poor correlation between resilient modulus and the creep resistance factor. The rut depth per million 18,000 pound equivalent single axle loadings (ESAL) for these pavements did not correlate well with either the resilient modulus or the creep resistance factor.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Asphalt concrete, Cores (Specimens), Correlation analysis, Creep properties, Creep tests, Hot mix asphalt, Modulus of resilience, Rutting
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation > Data and Information Technology
ID Code: 19659
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 02 Jun 2015 11:26
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 11:26
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/19659