A Literature Review of Urban Bypass Studies, 1992

(1992) A Literature Review of Urban Bypass Studies, 1992. Transportation, Department of


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Urban places attract most highway travel because more people are to be per acre in urban places than elsewhere. In the beginning of highway development the objective was to provide an all-weather road for the rural people to get to town and back to their farms, but there was no consideration of getting motor vehicles through the town to the opposite side. With the development of intercity travel, it soon became apparent that travel through the urban areas would have to be given consideration along with the travel to and from the urban areas. This consideration led to the urban bypass, a provision in highway location whereby the traveler may get to the opposite side of the urban area without going through it, or at least not through the central business district. Bypasses, although highly desired by the through travelers, were not welcomed by local business interests on the basis that the community would suffer a reduction in retail trade. Some discussion of the pros and cons of bypasses and their consequences as observed from experience will shed light upon this type of local highway. The bypass report summaries in this document were based on interviews with businessmen and community leaders of cities that have actually experienced firsthand the impacts of a highway bypass. Several of the studies were conducted by newspaper reporters, city council members and residents of Iowa cities.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Business districts, Bypasses, Economic impacts, Highway travel, Urban areas, Urban highways, Urban transportation
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Social impacts
Transportation > Traffic Management
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Economics, finance, and taxes
ID Code: 18671
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 29 Jan 2015 18:52
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 18:52
URI: https://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/18671