Access Management Awareness Program Phase II Report, TR-402, 1997

(1997) Access Management Awareness Program Phase II Report, TR-402, 1997. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

This report presents the results of a number of detailed Iowa access management case studies. Case studies were selected to provide a cross-section of locations and community sizes in Iowa as well as a variety of project types. Generally, access management projects completed during the mid-1990s were chosen as case studies. Projects ranging from driveway consolidation to full raised medians were analyzed on a before and after basis in terms of traffic safety, traffic operations, and adjacent business vitality. Sources of information used for the case study analysis included: road project files; traffic accident records; state sales tax records; and personal interviews of business owners, business customers, and local officials. The case study results from Iowa essentially confirm results of previous access management research from around the nation. Recent access in Iowa had significant, positive impacts in terms of traffic safety. The average reduction of annual accidents and accident rates on improved roadways was approximately 40%. Improvements in access management also led to significantly better roadway operations for most case studies. Although a small number of individual businesses do report sales losses and/or customer complaints once projects have been completed, access management projects in Iowa have not had an adverse impact on the majority of businesses located along them. In fact, some access management projects in Iowa seem to have contributed to an improved business environment along the corridors that have been improved. The results from the Iowa case studies presented in this report will be used to develop access management education materials for Iowa transportation professionals and other audiences interested in the impacts of access management.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Access, Before and after studies, Businesses, Case studies, Economic impacts, Highway operations, Management, Traffic, Traffic safety
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Traffic Management
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Traffic safety
Transportation > Economics, finance, and taxes
ID Code: 17191
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 10 Jun 2014 15:37
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 13:49
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/17191