Soft Photogrammetry for Highway Engineering, HR-387, 1998

(1998) Soft Photogrammetry for Highway Engineering, HR-387, 1998. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

The SoftPlotter, a soft photogrammetric software and Silicon Graphics workstation, was used to evaluate the accuracy of soft photogrammetry and identify applications of this technology to highway engineering. A comparative study showed that SoftPlotter compares well with other software such as Socket and Integraph. The PC software TNTMips is inexpensive but needs further development to be comparable to SoftPlotter. The Campus Project showed that soft photogrammetry is accurate for traditional photogrammetric applications. It is also accurate for producing orthophoto and base maps for Geographic Information Systems (GISs). The Highway Project showed that soft photogrammetry is accurate for highway engineering and that the technical staff at the Iowa Department of Transportation (IA DOT) can be easily trained in this new technology. The research demonstrated that soft photogrammetry can be used with low-flight helicopter photography for large-scale mapping in highway engineering. The researchers recommend that research be conducted to test the use of digital cameras instead of the traditional aerial cameras in helicopter photography. Research that examines the use of soft photogrammetry with video logging imagery for inventory and GIS studies in highway maintenance is also recommended. Research is also warranted into the integration of soft photogrammetry with virtual reality, which can be used in three-dimensional designing and visualization of highways and subdivisions in real time. The IA DOT owns one analytical plotter and two analogue plotters. The analytical plotter is used for aerial triangulation, and the analogue plotters are used for plotting. However, neither is capable of producing orthophotos. Therefore, the researchers recommend that the IA DOT purchase soft photogrammetric workstations for orthophoto production, and if and when required, use it for aerial triangulation and plotting. In the future, the analogue plotters may become obsolete. At that time, the researchers recommend that the analogue plotters be phased out and replaced by soft photogrammetric workstations.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Accuracy, Digital mapping, Geographic information systems, Highway design, Highway engineering, Highway maintenance, Inventory, Orthophotographs, Photogrammetry, Real time control, Real time data processing, Software, Triangulation, Virtual reality, Visualization, Aerial triangulation, Workstations
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 16289
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 11 Mar 2014 11:59
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2014 15:55
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16289