Engineering Study Automating Iowa's Speed Monitoring Program, HR-228, 1983

(1983) Engineering Study Automating Iowa's Speed Monitoring Program, HR-228, 1983. Transportation, Department of

pdf
Preview
PDF
IADOT_hr228_Engineering_Study_Auto_Iowa_Speed_Monitor_Program_1983.pdf

File Size:421kB

Abstract

Excessive speed on State and County highways is recognized as a serious problem by many Iowans. Speed increases both the risk and severity of accidents. Studies conducted by the FHWA and NHTSA have concluded that if average speeds were increased by five MPH, fatalities would increase by at least 2,200 annually. Along with the safety problems associated with excessive speed are important energy considerations. When the national speed limit was lowered to 55 MPH in 1974, a tremendous savings in fuel was realized. The estimated actual savings for automobiles amounted to 2.2 billion gallons, an average of 20.75 gallons for each of the 106 million automobiles registered in 1975. These benefits prompted the Federal-Aid Amendment of 1974 requiring annual State enforcement certification as a prerequisite for approval of Federal-aid highway projects. In 1978, the United States D.O.T. recommended to Congress significant changes in speed limit legislation designed to increase compliance with the national speed limit. The Highway Safety Act of 1978 provides for both withholding Federal-aid highway funds and awarding incentive grants based on speed compliance data submitted annually. The objective of this study was to develop and make operational, an automatic speed monitoring system which would have flexible capabilities of collecting accurate speed data on all road systems in Iowa. It was concluded that the Automatic Speed Monitoring Program in Iowa has been successful and needed data is being collected in the most economical manner possible.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Data collection, Monitoring, Speed data, Speed limits, Speeding
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Traffic safety
Transportation > Research
ID Code: 16241
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 05 Mar 2014 13:48
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2014 12:29
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16241