Use of GPS for Photogrammetry, HR-342, 1993

(1993) Use of GPS for Photogrammetry, HR-342, 1993. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Five test flights were conducted to study the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) in Photogrammetry, three in Iowa, one each in California and Texas. These tests show that GPS can be used to establish ground control by the static method and to determine camera location by the kinematic method. In block triangulation, six GPS controls are required and additional elevation control along the centerline is also required in strip triangulation. The camera location determined by aerial triangulation depends on the scale of the photography. The 1:3000 scale photography showed that the absolute accuracy of the camera location by GPS is better than five centimeters. The 1:40000 scale photography showed that the relative accuracy of the camera location by GPS is about one millimeter. In a strip triangulation elevation control is required in addition to the camera location by GPS. However, for block triangulation camera location by GPS is sufficient. Pre-targeting of pass and tie points gives the best results in both block and strip triangulation. In normal mapping for earth work computations the use of 1:6000 scale photography with GPS control instead of 1:3000 scale is recommended. It is recommended that research be done in the use of GPS for navigation in aerial photographic missions. It is highly recommended that research be done in the use of GPS to determine tip and tilt of the aerial camera, that is required in stereoplotting.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Accuracy, Future, Global Positioning System, Mapping, Photogrammetry, Recommendations, Research, Triangulation, Aerial triangulation, Future research
Subjects: Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 16215
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 05 Mar 2014 13:47
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2014 12:28
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/16215