Response of Iowa Pavements to Heavy Agricultural Loads, HR-1075, 1999

(1999) Response of Iowa Pavements to Heavy Agricultural Loads, HR-1075, 1999. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Iowa's county road system includes several thousands of miles of paved roads which consist of Portland cement concrete (PCC) surfaces, asphalt cement concrete (ACC) surfaces, and combinations of thin surface treatments such as seal coats and slurries. These pavements are relatively thin pavements when compared to the state road system and therefore are more susceptible to damage from heavy loads for which they were not designed. As the size of the average farm in Iowa has increased, so have the size and weights of implements of husbandry. These implements typically have fewer axles than a truck hauling the same weight would be required to have; in other words, some farm implements have significantly higher axle weights than would be legal for semi-trailers. Since stresses induced in pavements are related to a vehicle's axle weight, concerns have been raised among county and state engineers regarding the possible damage to roadway surfaces that could result from some of these large implements of husbandry. Implements of husbandry on Iowa's highway system have traditionally not been required to comply with posted weight embargo on bridges or with regulations regarding axle-weight limitations on roadways. In 1999, with House File 651, the Iowa General Assembly initiated a phased program of weight restrictions for implements of husbandry. To help county and state engineers and the Iowa legislature understand the effects of implements of husbandry on Iowa's county roads, the following study was conducted. The study investigated the effects of variously configured grain carts, tank wagons, and fence-line feeders on Iowa's roadways, as well as the possible mitigating effects of flotation tires and tracks on the transfer of axle weights to the roadway. The study was accomplished by conducting limited experimental and analytical research under static loading conditions

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Agriculture, Asphalt concrete pavements, Farm vehicles, Iowa, Load tests, Pavements, Portland cement concrete
Subjects: Agriculture and food production
Transportation > Pavements
Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
ID Code: 15998
Deposited By: Leighton Christiansen
Deposited On: 28 Jan 2014 21:16
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2014 12:38
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/15998