HR-243 Production and Evaluation of Calcium Magnesium Acetate, Febrauray 19, 2001

(2011) HR-243 Production and Evaluation of Calcium Magnesium Acetate, Febrauray 19, 2001. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Calcium magnesium acetate (CMA) has been identified by Bjorksten Research Laboratories as an environmentally harmless alternative to sodium or calcium chloride for deicing highways. Their study found CMA to be noncorrosive to steel, aluminum and zinc with little or no anticipated environmental impact. When used, it degrades into elements found in abundance in nature. The deicing capabilities were found to be similar to sodium chloride. The neutralized CMA they produced did cause scaling of PC concrete, but they did not expect mildly alkaline CMA to have this effect. In the initial investigation of CMA at the Iowa DOT laboratory, it was found that CMA produced from hydrated lime and acetic acid was a light, fluffy material. It was recognized that a deicer in this form would be difficult to effectively distribute on highways without considerable wind loss. A process was developed to produce CMA in the presence of sand to increase particle weight. In this report the product of this process, which consists of sand particles coated with CMA, is referred to as "CMA deicer". The mixture of salts, calcium magnesium acetate, is referred to as "CMA". The major problems with CMA for deicing are: (1) it is not commercially available, (2) it is expensive with present production methods and (3) there is very little known about how it performs on highways under actual deicing conditions. In view of the potential benefits this material offers, it is highly desirable to find solutions or answers to these problems. This study provides information to advance that effort.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Calcium magnesium acetate, CMA deicer, CMA production, Winter maintenance
Subjects: Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation
ID Code: 13438
Deposited By: Margaret Barr
Deposited On: 24 Jul 2012 20:37
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2012 20:37
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/13438

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