Does Prison Substance Abuse Treatment Reduce Recidivism?Performance Audit Report Iowa Department of Corrections Licensed Substance Abuse Programs, May 25, 2007

(2007) Does Prison Substance Abuse Treatment Reduce Recidivism?Performance Audit Report Iowa Department of Corrections Licensed Substance Abuse Programs, May 25, 2007. Management, Department of

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Abstract

The Iowa Department of Corrections faces a growing prison population expected to quickly exceed current capacities. Additionally, nine out of every ten offenders have a history of alcohol or drug problems often both. Research suggests that alcohol and drugs lead to criminal behavior, which lead offenders right back to prison creating a vicious circle and placing a financial and societal burden on the state. However, research also shows that substance abuse treatment can minimize criminal behavior, and offers a way to shut the revolving prison door. Substance abuse programming attempts to change offender thinking patterns and behavior in order to facilitate re-entry back into the community, lessen substance abuse relapse and reduce recidivism. Yet nearly 60% of offenders with identified needs are not treated, and many lacking treatment are high risk. Additionally, the percentage of offenders returning to prison varies significantly from program to program and some programs can not show they have reduced recidivism when compared to offender groups with substance abuse problems and receiving no treatment at all. All of which minimize the effect substance Abuse programming has in curbing prison population growth and reducing crime.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Department of Corrections, Criminal, Abuse, Offender
Subjects: Law enforcement and courts > Crime
Law enforcement and courts > Corrections > Prisons
Law enforcement and courts > Corrections
ID Code: 5092
Deposited By: Margaret Barr
Deposited On: 19 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2007
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/5092

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