New Iowans Pilot Project
Recruiting New Iowans Into Model Communities
Governor Vilsack and Lt. Governor Pederson are encouraging the development of a strategic community plan to encourage a smooth transition for bringing skilled workers and their families to Iowa from other countries. Skilled workers from other countries can provide a valuable resource to Iowa employers and can add cultural richness and diversity to Iowa's communities. New Iowans can help Iowa's communities, businesses, and economy grow.
The key to creating a foundation for successful immigration in Iowa is to start with a few model communities, where new Iowans are assimilated into companies, schools and neighborhoods. By following a step-by-step plan, the newcomers and their community will have the smoothest transition possible.
Project Mission: To create a positive model for immigration for a segment of immigrants within a few communities that will be modeled by other communities across the state.
Model communities were chosen for the pilot project based on the following criteria:
The immigrant population will be targeted based on these criteria:
The Governor asked certain department directors and members of his staff to evaluate and recommend communities for the first pilot projects. The selected communities are Mason City, Marshalltown, and Ft. Dodge.
This group also has developed a plan for implementation and a system of working with the communities and monitoring and evaluating the project once it'' in place. They also are making recommendations to make licensing easier in Iowa for skilled workers and for professionals.
The New Iowans Pilot Project
Governor Vilsack and the Mayor of each of the selected communities will sign a letter of agreement regarding the responsibilities of the communities and the role of the State of Iowa in the model communities project.
The Vilsack/Pederson model to recruit new Iowans includes community plans designed to bring skilled immigrant workers to communities in Iowa, and to help them become part of their new communities, workplaces, and schools.
The mission of this project is to create positive models for immigration within a few communities. The selected communities and the State of Iowa will work to collectively create a positive model for immigration. This model will be documented and used by other communities across the state.
Each community will work in partnership with the State of Iowa to identify immigrant populations to live and work in the community. The immigrant populations will be recruited on a domestic basis, through family based and/or employment based immigrations opportunities or other means in accordance with federal immigration laws.
Technical support to each community will be provided by the following agencies: Iowa Department of Economic Development, Iowa Department of Education, Iowa Department of Human Services, Iowa Department of Human Rights, Iowa Department of Human Services, Iowa Finance Authority, Iowa Department of Public Health, Iowa Department of Public Safety. The State of Iowa, through the Iowa Department of Economic Development, will provide up to $50,000 in financial support to assist each community to reach its New Iowans Pilot Project goals.
The leadership of each community, in cooperation with the State of Iowa, is responsible for setting goals and developing a strategic community plan to encourage a smooth transition for bringing skilled immigrant workers and their families to Iowa from domestic locations or outside the United States. The plan will begin with a thorough assessment of community needs, including workforce needs, housing needs, healthcare, education etc. The plan for each community will determine strengths of community contribution vs. needs that can be provided by the state.
This plan will be developed by a steering committee of community leaders with representation from each of the following groups:
The strategic community plan will address the availability and maturity of each of the following community support systems in regard to project goals.
The plans will determine the number of new Iowans the community will host. State of Iowa representatives will assist in determining the methodology for recruiting new Iowans.
Suggested activities for communities to reach project goals could include obtaining consultative services to provide direct assistance to new Iowans, such as translation, immigration information, necessary curriculum development related to direct services, such as teaching English, introduction to the community or local government, etc.
Additional activities could include scholarships to new Iowans for technical/skill development related to local job advancement, housing assistance (such as payment of deposits for utility hook-up, security, etc.), transportation assistance, or other necessary financial assistance to new Iowans. Other creative or innovative activities that the community deems necessary to reach project goals could also be developed.
The communities will document steps taken that created the community system of services offered to new immigrant populations for use in developing a community immigration model. This model will be showcased to other communities in the state.
The State will facilitate meetings with community leaders, local businesses and labor to determine, as precisely as possible the community workforce needs. Businesses should be prepared to identify the skill level, the education level, the licensure or certification requirements and the number of employees they seek. Business and labor will be an integral part of the entire planning process.
Communities will be encouraged to host a series of public hearings or town meetings. Hearings will not only provide an outlet for citizen input and dialog, but can generate ideas to be incorporated into the strategic plan. Representatives of the State of Iowa will be represented at these hearings.
One of the more immediate needs of a newcomer to Iowa is that of housing. New Iowan families will need assistance and guidance for long-range plans of buying a home. New Iowans may need training regarding filing a loan application, building a credit rating, saving for a down payment and shopping for a house. Bankers, local educational institutions and Realtors are encouraged to establish networks or partnerships that can communicate these basics to the new population.
Home ownership usually follows the more immediate need of finding an apartment or rental property. Communities are encouraged to establish a housing referral center than can compile and list information that is easily retrievable on available housing units.
Schools will be instrumental in welcoming new Iowans. They are well positioned to handle the potentially diverse languages spoken by new students. Where English as a Second Language (ESL) is an issue, the State's Department of Education can be a resource. The Department's funding for Iowa students takes into account the needs of those students with limited English proficiency. ESL school programs allow students to learn English while they receive classroom training in both their native language and in English, until they are transitioned into a full English curriculum. Community colleges and state universities can assist in locating teachers and aides who speak the native languages of new Iowans. Other community school districts, which have experienced similar assimilation challenges, are also a potential resource for teachers and aides.
English limited proficiency will not necessarily be limited to students. Adults may also need accommodation in learning a new language. Communities will be encouraged to create partnerships among employers and local educational institutions to devise classes that are flexible in scheduling and accessible to the new population. Location of the classes, scheduling of the classes and the availability of transportation are all factors that should be considered in creating a successful transition to English.
Informed law enforcement officials are an important piece of the model community plan. New Iowans will come with varying levels of understanding of our cultural, political and social norms. Lack of some basic understanding of what is and is not acceptable behavior among cultures can lead to unnecessary clashes within the community. Law enforcement may be seen as the final arbiter in these instances, and it is essential that law enforcement officials be educated and prepared. Law enforcement officials who have dealt with new immigrant populations in their communities offer the following guidelines: 1) be prepared to deal with a population that is limited in English proficiency; 2) be ready to communicate to the new population any local expectations of conduct; 3) be willing to understand the cultural heritage and customs of the new populations; 4) be aggressive in establishing a solid level of trust with the new population.
Communities will be encouraged to devise a mechanism for new Iowans to become acquainted with local religious groups, social service organizations, and any other existing immigrant population. Ecumenical ministries of Iowa are poised to assist communities in devising this mechanism.
Together, local health departments, hospitals, and the state Public Health Department will assess any special health care needs of the new population. They will promote health fairs or clinics to help familiarize the new population with available health care provider institutions and facilities. Health care providers may face the challenge of establishing a level of trust with the new population. Where language is a barrier, it will be necessary for health care providers to expand their service to include translation or interpretation assistance.
The model communities selected to host new Iowans will benefit from the experience of communities that have already done so. A network will be established that allows individuals who were key in addressing issues such as housing, ESL, education, health care and law enforcement in their respective communities, to share their stories of success and failure with key individuals in the new host communities. Likewise, new host communities will be expected to perpetuate the model community initiative by visiting with prospective communities and offering them the benefits of their experience.
Diversity committees will need to be established or reinforced. Communication between newcomers and established residents is key to success, and a local diversity committee can be instrumental in facilitating communication. Diversity committees should include representatives from various aspects of the community, including, but not limited to: faith-based organizations, health care providers, business and/or chamber of commerce, labor organizations, school system(s), law enforcement, social service providers, and local media. The new Iowan population needs to be represented on these committees as well.
Tentative Time Line for Implementation
December 4, 2000: Governor Vilsack announces model communities; representatives of all three communities are present.
February 27, 2001