Tillage Management and Soil Organic Matter, 2005

(2005) Tillage Management and Soil Organic Matter, 2005. Iowa State University

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Abstract

Tillage systems play a significant role in agricultural production throughout Iowa and the Midwest. It has been well documented that increased tillage intensities can reduce soil organic matter in the topsoil due to increased microbial activity and carbon (C ) oxidation. The potential loss of soil organic matter due to tillage operations is much higher for high organic matter soils than low organic matter soils. Tillage effects on soil organic matter can be magnified through soil erosion and loss of soil productivity. Soil organic matter is a natural reservoir for nutrients, buffers against soil erosion, and improves the soil environment to sustain soil productivity. Maintaining soil productivity requires an agriculture management system that maintains or improves soil organic matter content. Combining cropping systems and conservation tillage practices, such as no-tillage, strip-tillage, or ridge-tillage, are proven to be very effective in improving soil organic matter and soil quality.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Tillage, Soil, Organic Soil
Subjects: Agriculture and food production > Farmlands
Agriculture and food production > Soil erosion
Natural resources and environment
ID Code: 2811
Deposited By: Margaret Barr
Deposited On: 12 Sep 2005
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2005
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/2811

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