An Investigation of Portland Cement Concrete Utilizing 70% Class V Aggregate and 30% Calcareous Coarse Aggregate, R-255, 1973

(1973) An Investigation of Portland Cement Concrete Utilizing 70% Class V Aggregate and 30% Calcareous Coarse Aggregate, R-255, 1973. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

The main sources of coarse aggregate for secondary slip form paving in Southwest Iowa exhibit undesirable "D" cracking. "D" cracking is a discoloration of the concrete caused by fine, hairline cracks. These cracks are caused by the freezing and thawing of moisture inside the coarse aggregate. The cracks are often hour glass shaped, are parallel to each other, and occur along saw joints. The B-4, a typical secondary mix, utilizes 50% fine aggregate and 50% coarse aggregate. It has been proposed that a concrete mix with less coarse aggregate and more fine aggregate might impede this type of deterioration. The Nebraska Standard 47B Mix, a 70% fine aggregate, and 30% coarse aggregate mix, as used by Nebraska Department of Roads produces concrete with ultimate strengths in excess of 4500 psi but because of the higher cost of cement (it is a six bag per cubic yard mix) is not competitive with our present secondary mixes. The sands of Southwest Iowa generally have poorer mortar strengths than the average Iowa Sand. Class V Aggregate also found in Southwest Iowa has a coarser sand fraction, therefore it has a better mortar strength, but exhibits an acidic reaction and therefore must be·used with limestone. This illustrates the need to find a mix for use in Southwest Iowa that possesses adequate strength and satisfactory durability at a low cost. The purpose of this study is to determine a concrete mix with an acceptable cement content which will produce physical properties similar to that of our present secondary paving mixes.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Admixtures, Aggregate mixtures, Calcareous soils, Coarse aggregates, Cost effectiveness, D cracking, Fine aggregates, Freeze thaw durability, Portland cement concrete, Slip form paving
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation > Pavements > Concrete
Transportation
Transportation > Materials
Transportation > Materials > Gravel and aggregates
Transportation > Research
Transportation > Design and Construction
Transportation > Economics, finance, and taxes
Transportation > Maintenance and preservation
ID Code: 17220
Deposited By: Iowa DOT Library
Deposited On: 13 Jun 2014 12:11
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2015 19:55
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/17220