Concrete Pavement Mixture Design and Analysis (MDA): Assessment of Air Void System Requirements for Durable Concrete, TPF-5(205), 2012

(2012) Concrete Pavement Mixture Design and Analysis (MDA): Assessment of Air Void System Requirements for Durable Concrete, TPF-5(205), 2012. Transportation, Department of

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Abstract

Concrete will suffer frost damage when saturated and subjected to freezing temperatures. Frost-durable concrete can be produced if a specialized surfactant, also known as an air-entraining admixture (AEA), is added during mixing to stabilize microscopic air voids. Small and well-dispersed air voids are critical to produce frost-resistant concrete. Work completed by Klieger in 1952 found the minimum volume of air required to consistently ensure frost durability in a concrete mixture subjected to rapid freezing and thawing cycles. He suggested that frost durability was provided if 18 percent air was created in the paste. This is the basis of current practice despite the tests being conducted on materials that are no longer available using tests that are different from those in use today. Based on the data presented, it was found that a minimum air content of 3.5 percent in the concrete and 11.0 percent in the paste should yield concrete durable in the ASTM C 666 with modern AEAs and low or no lignosulfonate water reducers (WRs). Limited data suggests that mixtures with a higher dosage of lignosulfonate will need about 1 percent more air in the concrete or 3 percent more air in the paste for the materials and procedures used. A spacing factor of 0.008 in. was still found to be necessary to provide frost durability for the mixtures investigated.

Item Type: Departmental Report
Keywords: Admixtures, Air entraining agents, Air voids, Concrete pavements, Freeze thaw durability, Highways, Mix design, Pavement design, Mixture Design and Analysis, MDA
Subjects: Transportation > Pavements
Transportation
Transportation > Roads and highways
Transportation > Research > Concrete
Transportation > Design and Construction
ID Code: 14951
Deposited By: Leighton Christiansen
Deposited On: 09 Sep 2013 11:52
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2013 11:52
URI: http://publications.iowa.gov/id/eprint/14951